Dr Yardley said: “Currently, we can only provide forecasts of these events as they are taking place, as it is highly challenging to predict these events before they occur.
“By understanding the Sun’s processes better we can improve forecasts so that, when a major solar storm hits, we have time to act to reduce risks.”
According to Dr David Brooks from George Mason University in the US, the study’s lead author, we are now entering a new solar cycle.
And with tools like the European Space Agency’s (ESA’s) Solar Orbiter and the NASA Parker Solar Probe, scientists will get to learn more about the solar phenomena than ever before.
The Solar Orbiter, in particular, will be the first probe to observe and study the Sun’s polar regions.