Things To Know When Choosing Car Tyres
Replacing your vehicle’s car tyres is a vital portion of vehicle maintenance. Every car owner has to deal with it. The tyres you select can decide your entire driving experience. This is because tires control how much your car is able to handle, the maximum speed you can increase to, and the environment you can drive on.
Most critically, tyres affect the car and all the people it is transporting. The optimal tyre for your car need not be a common object for all cars. It is reliant on your personal driving preferences. With the seven factors listed below, you can decide for yourself which tires would be best for your lifestyle. For the best tyres, this 24 hour tyre shop singapore has your back.
1. Tyre width
The width of all tyres is indicated by the first three digits of its serial number. For example, AP197/40/R15/V would mean that the tyre is 197 millimeters wide. Selecting tyres of the correct width is essential for the tyre’s grip on surfaces. A tyre of larger width would have a greater surface area of contact with the surface, so it has a stronger grip on surfaces, which ensures higher levels of safety on damp roads. A tyre of slender width has a lower level of grip on surfaces, but the smaller surface area it is in contact with the surface means there will be lower levels of sounds during travel. Hence, it is a choice between the holistic performance of your tyres or a smoother driving experience.
2. Tyre profile
Tyre profile is another criteria linked to its width. Type profile refers to the diameter of the side profile as a proportion of the tyre’s width. The serial number will also indicate the tyre’s profile. For example, if your tyre has the label P197/40/R15/V, your tyre’s thickness is 40. A higher number would indicate that you are more secured for a more pleasant travel and more durable tyres. However, a lower number would indicate that it is more likely to get wear and tear, but the thinner sidewalls are more aesthetic and provide improved steering experience.
3. Tyre size
It is crucial for car owners to purchase the right-sized tyres for your car due to safety reasons. For tyres that are ill-fitted can create unnecessary pressure on the heel of the car, and may even drop off while you are driving, which can cause traffic accidents. To know the tyre size, you can find out by looking at the two digits which come after ‘R’ in the serial number. For example, P197/40/R15/V would mean that the size of your tyre is R15.
4. Speed assessment
The speed grade is indicated by the last letter of the tyre’s serial number. For example, if your tyre’s serial number is P197/40/R15/V, then V would be its speed grade. This letter represents a particular value on the speed table shown below. All in all, a higher speed grade is equivalent to a stronger grip and braking power, but it will also have short-lived treads. If you are one to speed, it might be more beneficial for you to purchase tyres that can handle faster speeds and replace them at smaller intervals.
- Q = 160km/h
- S = 180km/h
- T = 190km/h
- U = 200km/h
- H = 210km/h
- V = 240km/h
- W = 270km/h
- Y = 300km/h
- (Y) = more than 300km/h
5. Tread pattern
There are three types of tyre tread patterns – symmetrical, asymmetrical, and directional.
Symmetrical tyres are the most typical kinds of tyre out there. They have narrow threads in waves. These tyres are the first choice if you want silent performance, but its operation might not be the best with wet roads, as its patterns are not the best for water dispersion.
You should choose tyres with directional tread if you want the best rain performance. Directional treads form a large V shape which is specially constructed to move in one direction only. Due to its wider construct, they are better able to disperse water resulting in better grip. Still, this would mean that the tyres are noisier relative to symmetrical tyres. This could annoying when traveling.
An asymmetrical tread tyre has properties in between that of symmetrical and directional treads. These treads are constructed such that half of the surface is suitable for rain, while the other is especially for noise cutback. They are more expensive than the other two types of tyres, so you have to decide if you should pay that extra amount.
The more suitable tread pattern for your car is reliant on your driving preferences. Would you need to be well-equipped for a rainy day or would you prefer a silent drive?
6. Tyre age
Tyres wear and tear not only due to road conditions. Even if you were to keep the rubber without using it, the rubber will soften with time. Hence, to protect yourself, you must not purchase tyres of more than six years of age. The manufacturing date of the tyre is indicated by the last four numbers found in the DOT number on the sidewall. For example, “2810” would indicate that the tyre was made in the 28th week of the year 2010. Do make sure to check the manufacturing date to ensure you are purchasing secured tyres.
7. Manufacturer’s warranty
Manufacturers of tyres typically provide warranties for their tyres. However, the warranty for tyres can be restrictive in their scope coverage. There are actually many items that are not included in the list of damages insured against. The time period of the warranty will also depend on the manufacturer. Hence, when you are selecting tyre brands, do take note to check out the warranty so you can select a brand that can provide sufficient coverage for your conditions.
With these seven criteria to help you choose the best tyre for your drive, you should be able to enjoy decent drives from hereon. One of the most important aspects you must take note of is the safety of tyres you are using. Hence, treat this as a checklist when you will be doing your tyre purchase and you will be good to go.