He said that although the government’s endeavour is to promote the private sector, the public sector still needs to have its presence in banking and insurance to support the poor.
Speaking at a webinar on Budget announcements on Financial Services, Modi said to help medium and small businesses during the COVID pandemic, 90 lakh Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) were given credit worth Rs 2.4 trillion.
“Supporting MSME and startups and expanding credit flow to them is necessary. The government has undertaken reforms and opened up sectors like farm, coal and space. Now it’s the responsibility of the financial sector to understand the aspirations of rural and smaller cities and make them the strength of Aatmanirbhar Bharat.
“As our economy is growing, and growing fast, credit flow has also become equally important. You have to see how credit reaches new sectors, new entrepreneurs. Now you will have to focus on creation of new and better financial products for Startups and Fintech,” Modi said.
Stating that Kisan Credit has helped small farmers and those involved in animal husbandry to come out with the grasp of informal lending, Modi said the private sector now will have to think of innovative financial products for this section of the society.
He said the government has a clear vision for the financial services sector and is taking steps to make it vibrant, proactive and strong.
“The pace at which we have to take the country forward in the 21st century, proactive participation of the private sector is important. The government’s vision is clear about the financial sector, no place for ifs and buts. The government’s highest priority is that every depositor and investor experience trust and transparency,” he said.
The trust is based on safety and security of deposit and economic growth. There is a need to change the old policies relating to the banking and non-banking sector.
“The financial sector was hurt 10-12 years back due to aggressive lending. Steps have been taken to take the country out of non-transparent credit culture. Today instead of brushing NPAs under the carpet, we have made it mandatory to report even NPA of 1 day,” he said.
He said the government is aware of the ups and downs faced by businesses and does not foster a thinking that all business decisions are taken in bad intent.
“The government’s responsibility is to stand with all such business decisions taken with good intent and I want to say this to all those in the financial sector that I will stand by you for all decisions taken with honest intent,” Modi added.
In the 2021-22 Budget, the government has proposed privatisation of two public sector banks, allowed 74 per cent foreign direct investment in the insurance sector and announced the initial public offering of Life Insurance Corp of India.
Elaborating on the Budget proposal of setting up of an Asset Reconstruction Company (ARC), Modi said the ARC will address the bad loans in a “focussed manner” and this will help strengthen PSBs and increase their lending capability.
He said 130 crore people have Aadhaar cards and 41 crore have JanDhan Account holders, of which 55 per cent are women.
Stressing on use of technology in financial inclusion, he said on an average Rs 4 lakh crore worth transactions are being undertaken through UPI platform every month and there are 60 crore RuPay card holders.
Modi said today all sections of society have access to credit and Rs 15 lakh crore have been extended through MUDRA Yojana. Around Rs 1.15 lakh crore have been deposited in 11 crore farmer families through PM Kisan Swanidhi Yojana.