War has been declared on polluting petrol and diesel vehicles, and motorists can expect to pay more and more to keep driving them.
So is it time to turn your back on fossil fuel? How much do electric cars cost to run, and could you really run out of power on the motorway?
Money Mail answers these questions and looks at the cost of motoring in 2020, explaining how a green car could save you hundreds of pounds a year.
Your next motor? The Government wants to see zero-emission cars like the £115,000 BMW I8 (pictured), replace polluting petrol and diesel vehicles
The Government is said to be considering offering drivers £6,000 towards an electric car if they scrap a petrol or diesel model.
The move would be a welcome boost to the UK car industry, hit hard by lockdown. Britain’s biggest manufacturers — Nissan, Jaguar Land Rover and BMW — have invested heavily in electric car production.
Petrol’s days are numbered
The Government wants to see zero-emission cars replace polluting cars.
In the Budget in March, Chancellor Rishi Sunak unveiled a £1billion green transport package — including £500million for electric charging points.
Vehicle sales site Auto Trader saw a 76 per cent lift in searches for electric cars in 2019, and interest this year is already up 32 per cent.
The site also saw a 38 per cent rise in interest shown in alternative vehicles like hybrids — that use fossil fuel and electric power — last year.
Auto Trader says there was a 165 per cent spike in searches for electric cars when, earlier this year, it was suggested the Government could bring forward the ban on petrol, diesel and hybrid car sales to as early 2030.
The Government is reportedly considering offering drivers £6,000 towards an electric car if they scrap their petrol or diesel motor
Drivers will still be able to buy second-hand petrol, diesel or hybrid cars after the ban on production is brought in.
Steering clear of tax and charges
Electric cars are exempt from road tax, and drivers do not have to pay charges to enter zero-emission zones. Drivers of hybrids get just a £10 discount on the tax.
Vehicle excise duty, or road tax, is a flat rate of £150 for cars registered after 2017 — up from £145 last year. But drivers of older and more polluting vehicles pay more, and can face annual bills in excess of £1,000.
Driving an electric car will also spare you from CO2 emission charges levied by some towns and cities. These charges are designed to clean up the air in congested areas.
If you enter London’s Ultra Low Emissions Zone in a petrol car built before 2006 or a diesel made before 2015, you have to pay £12.50 on top of the £11.50 congestion charge. This ULEZ charge is also in force 24 hours a day.
Other UK cities are also planning clean-air zones. The Government has asked Birmingham, Leeds, Nottingham, Derby and Southampton to enforce them this year. Bristol will ban private diesel vehicles from its centre at certain times from next year.
Chancellor Rishi Sunak’s £1bn green transport package includes £500m for electric charging points.
Eco bribes on offer to buyers
Electric cars are more expensive than petrol and diesel models. The Nissan Leaf, costs just over £26,000 for a basic model.
But a top-of-the-range Audi e-Tron, could set you back more than £80,000. This is because manufacturing costs are so high.
The average price of used electric cars on Auto Trader is £23,866, while that of a petrol car is about £12,700, and a diesel £14,700.
But for now, some buyers can get the Government to pay up to £3,000 towards a vehicle that has CO2 emissions of less than 50g/km and can travel at least 70 miles with zero emissions. This includes the Nissan Leaf, the Mini Electric and Tesla Model S.
Transport Scotland funds interest-free Electric Vehicle Loans of up to £35,000 to cover the cost of a new electric car, such as the Renault Zoe. The Committee on Climate Change says prices will be similar for electric and other vehicles in five years.
The price tag for charging at home
Electric cars may become more affordable, but you will have to pay to install charging equipment at home.
The cars can be juiced via a household socket, but to fully charge a battery could take more than 12 hours so a ‘wallbox’ charger is recommended.
Consumer group Which? says the cost of installation and of adapters for charging on the go costs about £1,000.
The £26,000 Nissan Leaf may seem expensive for a family hatchback but running costs will be low and it should hold its value far better than petrol and diesel vehicles
But government grants are up for grabs. Those buying electric vehicles with CO2 emissions of less than 50g/km, and can drive at least ten miles without emissions, can get up to £350 to install a home charger through the Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme.
Included are plug-in hybrids, the Audi Q7, BMW i8, and Toyota Prius. Cars with emissions of 50 to 75g/km, like the Mini Countryman plug-in hybrid, are also eligible.
Which? estimates that charging an electric car at home adds between £450 and £730 to your annual electricity bill.
It also compared the cost of charging an electric Nissan Leaf to that of fuelling an equivalent-sized petrol and diesel car, and found that, over 10,000 miles, the Leaf was £308 cheaper than the diesel and £609 cheaper than the petrol car.
Will I run out of power?
Most new electric cars can go 150 miles between charges, and many of the latest have a 250-mile range. But many drivers worry there aren’t enough charging points.
Last year David Wright, National Grid chief electricity engineer, sent colleagues on a 565-mile trip to test how easy it was to make a long journey using the UK’s charging network.
Transport Scotland funds interest-free Electric Vehicle Loans of up to £35,000 to cover the cost of a new electric car, such as the £25,500 Renault Zoe
‘Nine hours of driving, four hours of charge,’ he reported at a BP conference on electric vehicles.
In September 2018, journalist and author Isabel Hardman said it was ‘a stupid idea to get an electric car’ after her Nissan Leaf ran out of battery on a drive to a book festival in Scotland.
She was left stranded when she found the charging points operated by Ecotricity were out of order. The Gloucestershire-based firm provides the most charging points in the UK but has had poor reviews.
Parliament’s business, energy and industrial strategy select committee describes the charging infrastructure as ‘poor’ and ‘lacking in size and geographical coverage’.
Charging vehicles at home is difficult for the 64 per cent of people without off-street parking. But the Government has pledged £500million towards charge points over five years.
Every month, 500 are installed and there are now 32,000 in 11,500 spots nationwide.
Go Ultra Low, the Government and industry electric car campaign body, says there will be enough charging stations by 2023, and at least six fast-charging points at every service station in England.
But doubts remain over how the national grid will cope. UK Power Networks estimated it had 63,000 electric cars charging from their stations in 2019, but predicts this will rise to 4.1 million by 2030.
Keith Anderson, Scottish Power’s chief executive, has warned that installing more chargers could put ‘a lot of local strain’ on networks.
Battery can be a bother
Another cost to consider when buying an electric or hybrid car, is that you have to either buy or lease the battery.
The cost of leasing depends on how far you drive every year, but you will pay about £50-£100 a month. Leasing means you don’t have to worry about replacing it or any faults.
Some car firms let you buy the battery, so you do not have monthly costs. But if it needs replacing after the warranty is up, this can cost thousands.
Not as green as they seem
Research from the RAC and Energy Saving Trust shows electric cars do make urban areas cleaner. But there are still concerns over manufacturing.
Emissions from electric car battery production are higher than those for internal combustion engines, the European Environment Agency states.
Meanwhile, an electric car is only as clean as the power it uses, so until all electric cars run on 100 per cent renewable power, they will continue to use the fossil fuels that help generate electricity.
SAVE MONEY ON MOTORING
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