Nation hails accomplishments of daughters on National Girl Child Day
The Nation celebrated National Girl Child Day today. The day is celebrated every year on 24th January. It is an initiative of the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The objective behind celebrating the National Girl Child Day is to provide all support and opportunities to the girls of the country. It also aims towards promoting awareness about the rights of the girl child and to increase awareness on the importance of girl’s education, and their health and nutrition.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has saluted the daughters of the nation on National Girl Child Day today. In a tweet, Mr Modi said on National Girl Child Day, we salute our Desh Ki Beti and the accomplishments in various fields. He said, the Central Government has undertaken many initiatives that focus on empowering the girl child, including access to education, better healthcare and improving gender sensitivity. The Prime Minister said, today is also a day to specially appreciate all those working towards empowering the girl child and ensuring she leads a life of dignity and opportunity.
Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Zubin Irani said, on National Girl Child Day, we reiterate our commitment towards ensuring equal rights for every girl child and empowering them with opportunities. Let us take pride in our daughters and spread awareness about the importance of girl child using hashtag Desh Ki Beti (#DeshKiBeti).
Various Ministries of the government of India like Ministries of Education, Sports, Skill Development and Department of Science and Technology have undertaken various initiatives and programmes for progress and empowerment of the girls.
National Education Policy-2020 has introduced Gender Inclusion Fund for targeting the development of girl child. Government will constitute a Gender Inclusion Fund to provide quality and equitable education for all girls. The fund will focus on ensuring 100 per cent enrollment of girls in schooling and a record participation rate in higher education, decrease gender gaps at all levels, practice gender equity and inclusion in society and improve the leadership capacity of girls through positive civil dialogues. Funds will also enable States to support and scale effective community-based interventions that address local context-specific barriers to girls and transgender students.
NEP 2020 will focus on the safety and security of school-going girls both inside and outside of the campus. The schools have to ensure harassment, discrimination, and domineer free campus before enlisting for yearly accreditation. This will increase the attendance number of girl children in the class. The policy will identify social mores and gender stereotypes that prevent girls from accessing education and causing regular dropouts.
Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education is implementing Samagra Shiksha – an Integrated Scheme for School Education under which various interventions have been targeted for Girls’ Education. Bridging gender and social category gaps at all levels of school education is one of the major objectives of the Samagra Shiksha.
In order to ensure greater participation of girls in education, various interventions under Samagra Shiksha have been targeted. These interventions include, opening of schools in the neighbourhood as defined by the State, Provision of free text-books to girls up to Class 8, Uniforms to all girls, SC, ST children and Below Poverty Line children up to class 8, Provision of gender segregated toilets in all schools, Teachers’ sensitization programmes to promote girls’ participation, Provision for Self-Defence training for the girls from classes 6 to 9, Stipend to CWSN girls from class 1 to Class 9, Residential Schools or Hostels, Construction of residential quarters for teachers in remote or hilly areas or in areas with difficult terrain. In addition to this, to reduce gender gaps at all levels of school education and for providing quality education to girls from disadvantaged groups, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas have been sanctioned in Educationally Backward Blocks under Samagra Shiksha.
Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in recent years have promoted inclusivity, created an ecosystem of awareness towards women in sports and inspired a generation of young girls to actively take part in sports. An exclusive component of the Khelo India Scheme focuses on barriers faced by girls and women to take part in sporting activities, and creating mechanisms to overcome these and increase participation. There is 161 per cent increase in women participation at the Khelo India Games from 2018 to 2020. From 657 identified female athletes being supported under the Khelo India scheme in 2018, the number has now gone up to 1471. Eighty women athletes were a part of the Target Olympic Podium Scheme program in September 2018 and today the number is 190.
The Department of Science and Technology has launched Knowledge Involvement in Research Advancement through Nurturing (KIRAN) Scheme to provide various career opportunities to women scientists and technologists. It is primarily aimed to bring gender parity in Science and Technology sector by inducting more women talent in the research and development domain through various programmes. The Department is running various programs and schemes for empowering women in science and technology. Program for Gender Advancement in science and technology Institutions which started in 2020, aims to develop a Charter for Gender Equality in STEM with a focus on bringing about transformational changes at institutional level. The project aims to create a new ecosystem based on building competencies of institutions and provide them with ongoing mentoring support to achieve transformation. A new portal for science and technology for women will be developed in the current year where all information to scholarships, fellowship, career, related to women will be placed. It will be a one stop information point for women students, PhD student, post doc fellows, early career academic with list of mentors.
Ministry of Skill Development is making efforts for building conducive ecosystem for skilling women in India. Out of 33 National Skill Training Institutes, NSTIs, 19 NSTIs are providing skill training exclusively for women. In NSTIs 3 thousand 400 seats have been sanctioned under Craftsman Training Scheme and 2 thousand 225 seats have been sanctioned under Crafts Instructor Training Scheme. 421 women have been trained in Advanced Diploma in IT Networking and Cloud Computing.
In the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme, the percentage of female apprentices has increased from 4 per cent in August, 2016 to 12 per cent in December, 2020. The female enrollment percentage in STRIVE-assisted ITIs has increased from 15.5 per cent to 19.1 per cent. Out of 23 lakh RPL certifications awarded during 2019-20 under PMKVY, over 5 lakhs were women. 271 Jan Shikshan Sansthans have been sanctioned out of which 227 are active in States and UTs. Out of 4 lakh beneficiaries per annum 85 per cent are women.