Lung cancer is one of the most common and serious types of cancer in the UK. Partly what makes it so serious is that does not usually cause noticeable symptoms until it’s spread through the lungs or into other parts of the body. This means the outlook for the condition is not as promising as many other types of cancer.
You may be asked to have a blood test to rule out some of the possible causes of your symptoms, such as a chest infection, it adds.
Am I at risk?
Most cases of lung cancer are caused by smoking, although people who have never smoked can also develop the condition.
According to Cancer Research UK, Around seven out of 10 lung cancers are caused by smoking – this includes breathing in other people’s cigarette smoke.
“Even light or occasional smoking increases the risk of lung cancer,” the charity warns.
Your Genetic makeup may also determine your risk of developing lung cancer.
As Cancer Research UK explains, your risk of lung cancer is higher if you have a close relative (such as a parent or sibling) who has had lung cancer.
“Researchers are looking at how our genes could affect our risk of lung cancer,” says the health body.
How is it treated?
According to the NHS, the most common treatment options include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy.
“Depending on the type of cancer and the stage, you may receive a combination of these treatments,” says the health body.