How council tax is calculated: 3 pieces of information are needed to work out council tax


Usually, a person will need to pay council tax if they’re aged 18 or over and they own or rent a home. Certain people will be exempt from paying it, and some may qualify for either a 50 percent or a 25 percent discount due to their circumstances.

So, how is council tax worked out?

To do this, a person will need to know three different pieces of information.

First-up is the valuation band for their home, either in England and Wales or in Scotland – where the rates differ.

The second thing to know is how much the local council charges for that band.

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Different councils can charge different amounts, meaning it can vary across different parts of the UK.

Finally, Britons will need to know whether or not they can get a discount or exemption from the full bill.

For instance, a full-time college and university students are not counted as adults for council tax.

As such, if everyone in the property is a full-time student, council tax will not need to be paid.

It may be changes affect the council tax band a person has, as GOV.UK explains.

The website states: “Your property may be revalued and put in a different band in some circumstances, for example if:

  • You demolish part of your property and do not rebuild it
  • You alter your property to create two or more self-contained units, for example an annexe – each unit will have its own band
  • You split a single property into self-contained flats
  • You convert flats into a single property
  • You start or stop working from home
  • The previous owner made changes to your property
  • There are significant changes to your local area, like a new road being built
  • A similar property in your area has its council tax band changed.”
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Bill-payers are directed to ask the Valuation Office Agency (VOA) if they want to know if changes to the property will affect the Council Tax band.





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