Electric vs fuel: why the government is encouraging more people to switch to electric cars – CBBC Newsround


car with green number platePA Media

Green number plates on greener cars will allow drivers access to benefits

If you go to school in an electric car, you may soon get a special green number plate to prove just how green your family is trying to be, but it’ll also mean getting some benefits.

They will include cheaper parking for your mum or dad and drivers will also be able to drive in bus lanes to skip a load of traffic!

It’s all part of the government’s plans to encourage more people to buy cleaner vehicles to achieve its target of net zero emissions by 2050.

bus laneGetty Images

Electric cars might be able to use bus lanes and even get free parking!

Although it may seem like a no-brainer that electric vehicles (EVs) are beneficial to us in a lot of ways, there are some people like the RAC who say it’s unsure whether this plan will really encourage drivers to switch their petrol cars to electric.

How do electric cars work?

Electric vehicles (EVs) have a rechargeable battery which stores electricity when charged at a public charging station or home charging unit.

The electricity from the batteries power an electric motor which causes the wheels to turn.

transparent electric car with battery showingGetty Images

Battery powered cars are lighter and quieter than fuel cars

The average battery life of an EV usually lasts around 100 miles, which is quite low in comparison to petrol cars which can vary from an average of 330 miles to 400 miles on a full tank of petrol.

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Why are electric cars good for the environment?

EVs, unlike fuel cars, produce none or fewer carbon emissions into the atmosphere.

Carbon emissions are harmful because they contribute to the “greenhouse gas” effect which traps heat into the earth and has a big effect on global warming and climate change.



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