President of the European Central Bank Christine Lagarde.
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The European Central Bank decided to keep its rates and wider monetary policy unchanged on Thursday, as countries across the region impose new restrictions and fresh lockdowns to tackle an upsurge in coronavirus cases.
However, the central bank hinted that there could be more monetary stimulus coming to the euro zone as soon as December.
“The Governing Council will carefully assess the incoming information, including the dynamics of the pandemic, prospects for a rollout of vaccines and developments in the exchange rate,” the ECB said in a statement on Thursday.
It said new economic projections in December “will allow a thorough reassessment” of the economy and risks.
“On the basis of this updated assessment, the Governing Council will recalibrate its instruments, as appropriate, to respond to the unfolding situation,” the bank added.
In September, the ECB estimated a contraction of 8% in euro zone GDP this year, followed by a rebound of 5% in 2021. In terms of headline inflation, it forecast 0.3% for 2020, followed by an increase to 1% in 2021. But the institution, led by Christine Lagarde, will update these forecasts in December.
The latest statement from the ECB suggests that policymakers will adjust their monetary policy based on those upcoming forecasts.
Thursday’s decision means the interest rate on the ECB’s main refinancing operations, marginal lending facility and deposit facility remain at 0%, 0.25% and -0.5%, respectively. In addition, its Pandemic Emergency Purchase Program, created in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak, was left unchanged.
It comes as the euro zone battles a rapid increase in the number of Covid-19 infections, leading some governments to implement new restrictions.
French President Emmanuel Macron on Wednesday announced a second national lockdown, though schools and factories will remain open. While Germany announced on Wednesday a “light lockdown,” with restaurants, bars and public events closed as of next week.
The second wave of infections could deliver a fresh blow to the euro zone economy, which was expected to rebound in the second half of 2020. Preliminary data released last week showed that business activity in the euro area shrank in October amid new social restrictions. However, the picture is expected to worsen if governments go ahead with additional measures.
Another issue facing the ECB is the strength of the euro, which has appreciated almost 5% against the U.S. dollar since the start of the year. The central bank said at its September meeting that it discussed the strengthening of the euro but stressed that it doesn’t target the exchange rate with its policies. A stronger euro is often seen as an issue for Europe’s economy, given the reliance of the euro area on its exports.
This is a breaking news story and it is being updated.