Diabetes type 2 symptoms: Charcot foot is a warning sign of high blood sugar

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition whereby one’s risk of high blood sugar levels is higher than normal. Blood sugar – the main type of sugar you get from food – nourishes the body but high levels can damage the body. If you have type 2 diabetes, the main regulating force – insulin – is impaired, which leads to high blood sugar levels.

Following a formal diagnosis, you’ll be recommended to make healthy lifestyle changes to stabilise your blood sugar levels.

There are two key components to blood sugar control – diet and exercise.

There’s nothing you cannot eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but you’ll have to limit certain foods.

Certain carbohydrate foods are broken down quickly by your body and therefore have a pronounced effect on blood sugar levels.

They include:

  • Some fruit and vegetables
  • Pulses
  • Wholegrain foods, such as porridge oats.

In addition to improving your diet, you should aim for 2.5 hours of activity a week, advises the NHS.

Physical exercise helps lower your blood sugar level.

You can be active anywhere as long as what you’re doing gets you out of breath.

This could be:

  • Fast walking
  • Climbing stairs
  • Doing more strenuous housework or gardening.


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